Multan is famous and known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinah-Tul-Oleyah due to the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is full of Bazaar, Plaza’s, Mosque’s, Building’s, Shrine’s and famous Tombs of the Asia. Multan is also the birthplace of Fariduddin Ganjshakar commonly known as Baba Farid who is considered a father of Punjabi language and one of the pioneers in developing Shahmukhī Script of Punjabi language which was later adopted by almost all Muslim saints and intellectuals in Punjab region and even in whole of India.
Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya Shrine
Multan is a beautiful and large city in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located in the southern area of the province Punjab and situated near the Chenab River. Moreover less in the geographic centre of the country and about 562 km (349 mi) from Islamabad, 356 km (221 mi) from Lahore and 966 km (600 mi) from Karachi. Multan District has a population over 5.1 million.
Multan Ghanta Ghar Chouk
Multan city is located in Southern Punjab. DG Khan and Bahawalpur are the closest major cities that are located in the Punjab province. The area around the Multan city is a flat, alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture with many citrus and mango farms and Industry having industrial area outside the Multan city. Multan city is divided in such shape that many canals that cut across the Multan District and facilitates Multan with water for nearby farms. Through this Multan land is very fertile. However land that is near to the Chenab River is flooded in the monsoon season.
Map of Multan
Multan is an industrial and commercial centre, as it is connected with the other major cities and rest of the country through Roads, railway track and air including the other industrial hubs such as Karachi, Quetta, Lahore, Mianwali, Gujranwala, Gujarat and Faisalabad. Industries include fertilizer, flour mills, cotton production and processing, glass manufacturing, large textile units, sugar, cosmetics and oil mills and large-scale power generation projects. Multan city is also famous for handicrafts like ceramics, carpets and cottage industries. Roughly 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) of the city is still forested in the district. Trees that are famous in the Multan city are Mango, Kikar, Sufaide, Shisham and Mulberry.
Pak Arab Fertilizers
Local Government system has introduced in 2001 that the every city has been governed by a Nazim. But now the work of Nazim is take over to administrators who are servants of government. Multan is spread over an area of 3,940 square kilometers, consisting four Tehsils: Multan City, Multan Sadder, Jalalpur Pirwala and Shujabad. In 2005 Multan was reorganized as a city district composed of seven autonomous towns:
- Shah Rukn-e-alam
- Mumtazabad now known as Moosa Pak Shaheed
- Sher Shah
- Multan Cantonment
Urdu is mostly widely spoken and understood. Saraiki and Multani, which is a new form of Saraiki is also widely spoken. English is only understood by the some people who are educated. The majority of the people about 94% living in the Multan area are Muslims. However, the city has significant Sikh, Isaai and Hindu communities within the district. There are some temples and Gurdwaras within the city near State Bank Branch and National Bank of Pakistan.
As per the following are the demographics of the district, by spoken language:
- Urdu : 30%
- Saraiki (Multani): 56.6%
- Haryanvi : 6.11%
- Punjabi : 5.86%
- Pashto : 0.62%
- Balochi : 0.10%
- Others : 1.04%
Multan is full of bazaars, mosques, shrines and plenty of places to have food. Restaurants in Multan serve array of cuisine’s including Pakistan Food, Continental Food, Fast Food, Arabic, BBQ and Chinese. Restaurants in Multan Range from Multi National Food Chains like (KFC, Subway, and Pizza Hut) to some amazing Local Restaurants like Bundu Khan, MUX Lounge and Restaurant, Zanzibar. If you are in Multan Do try the Multani Mutton Chops and a Definite try for dessert is Hafiz ka Sohan Halwa specialty of Multan.
In 1950, the Governor of Punjab province Abdur Rub Nishtar had opened the Nishtar Medical College for the productivity of Doctors in the Multan region. Doctor graduates of this institution have spread across the world and moreover in the Multan region and many have become established names in the field of medicine. The new Nishtar Institute of Dentistry provides dental and surgical services to Multan and the adjoining cities. Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU) is the main source of higher education for this region. The Swedish Institute of Technology in Multan is a campus of the Swedish Group of Technical Institutes, the largest private-sector organization providing technical education and vocational training in the Punjab. Punjab College of Multan is also providing great opportunities for Multan students to getting higher education. Medical and Dental College is the only private medical institution in Southern Punjab. Now more universities from federal are also open there campuses here in Multan as they are trying to make this city more educated like AIR University,
NUML (National University of Modern Languages), a private institute of medical college name MMDC (Multan medical and dental college) and Institute of Southern Punjab is the only private institute in Multan.